Peer Review Terms and Conditions

The conditions which apply to reviews of manuscripts for journals from BMJ are set out below. Please read them carefully before you submit a review, as, by agreeing to be a reviewer for journals from BMJ, you are acknowledging that you agree to and accept these conditions. Please contact the relevant journal editorial office if you have any questions about how these conditions apply to you.


Conflict of Interest

During the review process we ask you to declare any potentially conflicting or competing interests (which could be personal, professional or financial) so that editors can assess these and factor them into their decisions. Please refer any major concerns over potentially competing interests to the editorial office before beginning your review.



Unpublished manuscripts are confidential and you must not disclose their contents to anyone except a professional colleague whose input you request as part of your review process. If you do choose to discuss the manuscript and/or your review with a professional colleague you are responsible for ensuring that they are made fully aware of the confidential nature of the discussion and that they must not disclose any information about the manuscript until the article is published. The identity of any co-reviewer and any potential conflicting or competing interests they may have must be disclosed when submitting your review.


Our Use of Your Review

With the exception of BMJ Open (see below) and BMJ Open Science, journals from BMJ do not publish peer reviews. Depending on a journal’s editorial policy, you may be offered the opportunity to make additional confidential comments to the editor.  Unless the reviewer has been offered confidentiality, reviews will usually be passed on in full to authors and other reviewers when an editorial decision is made.  Reviews should be civil and constructive and editors reserve the right to edit or remove any comments felt to be inappropriate

Authors are given the option of nominating other journals from BMJ to which they would like their manuscript passed if it is rejected for publication by their first choice. This may result in the paper being resubmitted to other journals from BMJ in succession. If the author of the manuscript you reviewed has taken up this option, your review will be passed on to the editor(s) of the nominated journal(s) along with the manuscript and you might be invited to review a revised version.  If the article is selected for publication in another journal from BMJ, your review may also be published (depending on the editorial policy of the journal in question). You will be contacted for your permission before this happens.

For more information on reviewing for BMJ Open, please follow the link below:


Restrictions on Your Use of Your Review

We do not restrict the use you make of your review once the manuscript has been published. However, an author’s manuscript remains confidential until it is published, and you must not disclose any information about an unpublished manuscript, including your review of it.

Please note that if the article is NOT published you may refer to the journal which requested your review and the fact that you have reviewed an article for it. However, you may not post any details of the article which was reviewed, or any part of the review that would breach the confidentiality under which the article was provided to you for review.

Your Registration Details

We hold your details on the database for the journal you register to review for.   We also ask your permission to hold your details on the reviewer databases for other journals from BMJ with similar content.   If you agree to this, you may opt out at any time by emailing the editorial office of the journal you registered to review for. Please ensure you read the BMJ Privacy policy for information on how we store and use your data.